Those who love Santorini, love it eternally. The locals say they have a heart pounding and vibrating mountains, soil, the sea. And the heart of the people or coordinated with her own, and live, or do not ever meet and go running! The caldera greens, flowering plants, contrasts with the stone and lava seasons like that softens and blends over time… The sea is wild, becomes one with the horizon in the distance, a mix of blue and sea-gray. The smell of fresh soil. In Santorini you can close your eyes and feel the calm force that lies beneath the dark waters, like something that Agia Irini’s tears whisper: Santorini is a dangerous island, which owes its charm to a threat that hovers in the air. Those who can feel it, return. They are attracted like a magnet catastrophic fate that will never quit, and faith that this life is always stronger than death.
The island lies between Ios and Anafi. It is the cluster of islands Thira, Thirasia, Aspronisi, volcanoes (Old Kameni and Nea Kameni, which is the crater of the volcano). One with Methana, Nisyros and Milos to the active volcanoes of Greece. Its area is 76 square kilometers. and the length of coasts 69 km. The perimeter is about 36 n. miles. It is 128 nautical miles from the port of Piraeus and 63 n. Miles from Crete.
The name Thira comes from the mythical founder of Sparta, Thera, who settled on the island around the 10th century BC and founded the eponymous town in Mesa Mountain. The name Santorini was given to the group of islands by the Venetians and was reported by the Arab geographer Edrisi, in 1153. It is a liaison of the words Agia Irini (Saint Irene), which was either taken from the chapel in the plain of Thirassia, or by the same name Early Christian basilica church in Perissa, which does not stand today. Thira, Thirasia and Aspronisi are remnants of the prehistoric round island. They surround a deep levitoid sea basin, from the center of which, emerged Old and New Kameni. This area is called Calthera or Caldera in accordance with the international geological terminology. Its dimensions are 8 by 5 km. The depth reaches 370 meters.
Santorini is the only group of islands on which settlements have been built at sea level, but on the edges of the inner walls of the caldera. It is also one of the few places in the world where preserved architectural ensembles cave houses in volcanic soil. The caldera and the entire syplegma the islands of Santorini, designated as of outstanding natural beauty. The main island, Thera, has cypress shape and located in the most eastern position of the cluster. The west side consists of the walls of the caldera that keep alive the image of the geological history and reflect the different phases of volcanic activity. In Thira there are 13 villages and Thirassia 3. The capital is Fira, a name derived from a corruption of the word Thira and has prevailed.
Since the 1980s the island to date have chosen to get married, or to spend the honeymoon, thousands of couples from all over the world. It is estimated that every year ceremonies exceed 500. The Orthodox marriages are usually committed in churches with Caldera as the Cathedral of Fira, Saint Minas Church of the Resurrection in Imerovigli, St George and the Virgin Platsani of Oia. Catholics choose the Cathedral of Fira.